Alaska Satellite Facility - Distributed Active Archive Center

ALOS AVNIR-2 Ortho Rectified Image Product

Satellite Image of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina AVNIR-2


The ALOS Ortho Rectified Image Product (ALOS-ORI) released by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is open to the public.  The ALOS-ORI consists of the AVNIR-2 ORI product compiled from images acquired by the Advanced Land Observing Satellite “DAICHI” (ALOS) operated during the period from 2006 to 2011. NASA, in cooperation with JAXA, makes the dataset available through the ASF DAAC.

JAXA webpage about ALOS Ortho Rectified Image Product

More about ALOS from JAXA

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AVNIR-2 Sensor Summary

Observation Bands Band-1 0.42 - 0.50 µm
Band-2 0.52 - 0.60 µm
Band-3 0.61 - 0.69 µm
Band-4 0.76 - 0.89 µm
Scanning MethodPush Broom
Spatial Resolution10 (at Nadir)
Swath Width70km (at Nadir)

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ALOS AVNIR-2 User Guides and Technical Documentation

What is orthorectification?

Orthorectification is the process of removing image distortions caused by the sensor and terrain to create a planimetric image at every location with consistent scale across all parts of the image. This allows the overlay of various geospatial information with the ORI (Ortho Rectified Image) on any map.

How are AVNIR-2 ORI products created?

The AVNIR-2 ORI product is created from AVNIR-2 1B1 data after stereo matching with reference to the Panchromatic Remote-Sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping (PRISM) ORI.   AW3D30 DSM data, which is created from a PRISM triplet image, is used for the orthorectification processing. If AW3D30 is missing,  SRTM (The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) DSM data is used.

* Please refer to the HDR file in the data file to confirm which DSM is used in ORI product creation.
File Contents

The AVNIR-2 ORI product zip file contains the following files:

Band-1 0.42 – 0.50 µm (8bit GeoTIFF)

Band-2 0.52 – 0.60 µm (8bit GeoTIFF)

Band-3 0.61 – 0.69 µm (8bit GeoTIFF)

Band-4 0.76 – 0.89 µm (8bit GeoTIFF)

Header file (ASCII text)

Product Format Description
More information about AVNIR-2

AVNIR-2 Ortho Rectified Image Product Summary

SensorAdvanced Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer (AVNIR)-2
Observation Period2006-2011
Spatial CoverageGlobal
Cloud Cover30% or less
Resolutionapproximately 10m mesh

Citation Information

ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data products usage conditions:

(i) JAXA does not guarantee any specific quality and the timely provision of the ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data products and shall not be liable for any damage brought about using them.

(ii) The intellectual property rights, including but not limited to copyrights, of the ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data Products belong to JAXA.

(iii) The user shall retain the ownership of value-added products (modified products with high-level processing which are irreversible to standard data. High-level data processing includes data analysis or combining multiple- ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data Product, image processing based on external information, and physical quantity conversion).

(iv) When the user publish and/or redistribute their-generated value-added products based on the ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data Product, users will indicate, “the original ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSARdata products are provided by JAXA”.

(v) When the user intends to publish the results directly using or indirectly based on the ALOS/PALSAR/AVNIR-2 and ALOS-2 ScanSAR data products, the user will indicate owner of the Data Products as “©JAXA [year of acquisition]. All rights reserved”.

Discover ALOS AVNIR-2 Data

The ALOS AVNIR-2 Data Ortho Rectified Image product can be accessed at ASF DAAC


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